Monday, December 28, 2015T12/28/2015 04:38:00 PM

History of the Internet

1960AT&T introduces the dataphone and the first known MODEM.
1961Leonard Kleinrock publishes his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" is
published May 31, 1961.
1962Leonard Kleinrock releases his paper talking about packetization.
1962Paul Baran suggests transmission of data using fixed size message blocks.
1962J.C.R. Licklider becomes the first Director of IPTO and gives his vision of a galactic network.
1964Baran publishes reports "On Distributed Communications."
1964Leonard Kleinrock publishes his first book on packet nets entitled "Communication Nets: Stochastic
Message Flow and Design."
1965Lawrence G. Roberts with MIT performs the first long distant dial-up connection between a TX-2 computer in Massachusetts and Tom Marill with a Q-32 at SDC in California.
1965Donald Davies coins the word "Packet."
1966Lawrence G. Roberts and Tom Marill publish a paper about their earlier success at connecting over dial-up.
1966Robert Taylor joins ARPA and brings Larry Roberts there to develop ARPANET.
1967Donald Davies creates 1-node NPL packet net.
1967Wes Clark suggests use of a minicomputer for network packet switch.
1968Doug Engelbart publicly demonstrates Hypertext on December 9, 1968.
1968The first Network Working Group (NWG) meeting is held.
1968Larry Roberts publishes ARPANET program plan on June 3, 1968.
1968First RFP for a network goes out.
1968UCLA is selected to be the first node on the Internet as we know it today and serve as the Network
Msmnt Center.
1969Steve Crocker releases RFC #1 on April 7, 1979 introducing the Host-to-Host and talking about the
IMP software.
1969UCLA puts out a press release introducing the public to the Internet on July 3, 1969.
1969On August 29, 1969 the first network switch and the first piece of network equipment
(called "IMP", which is short for Interface Message Processor) is sent to UCLA.
1969On September 2, 1969 the first data moves from UCLA host to the IMP switch.
1969CompuServe, the first commercial online service, is established.
1970Steve Crocker and UCLA team releases NCP.
1971Ray Tomlinson sends the first e-mail, the first messaging system to send messages across a
network to other users.
1972First public demo of ARPANET.
1972Norm Abramson' Alohanet connected to ARPANET: packet radio nets.
1973Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn design TCP during 1973 and later publish it with the help of Yogen Dalal and
Carl Sunshine in December of 1974 in RFC 675.
1973ARPA deploys SATNET the first international connection.
1973Robert Metcalfe creates the Ethernet at the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
1973The first VoIP call is made.
1974A commercial version of ARPANET known as Telenet is introduced and considered by many to be the
first Internet Service Provider (ISP).
1978TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic.
The creation of TCP/IP also helps to create UDP.
1978John Shoch and Jon Hupp at Xerox PARC develop the first worm.
1981BITNET is founded.
1983ARPANET standardizes TCP/IP.
1984Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS.
1986Eric Thomas develops the first Listserv.
1986NSFNET is created.
1986BITNET II is created.
1988First T-1 backbone is added to ARPANET.
1988Bitnet and CSNET merge to create CREN.
1989On March 12, 1989 Tim Berners-Lee submits a proposal for a distributed system at CERN,
which would later become the WWW.
1990ARPANET replaced by NSFNET.
1990The first search engine Archie, written by Alan Emtage, Bill Heelan, and Mike Parker at McGill
University in Montreal Canada is released on September 10, 1990
1991Tim Berners-Lee introduces WWW to the public on August 6, 1991.
1991NSF opens the Internet to commercial use.
1991On December 1, 1991 the first web server outside of Europe comes online.
1992Internet Society formed.
1992NSFNET upgraded to T-3 backbone.
1993On April 30, 1993 CERN releases the Web source code and makes it public domain. The effect
had an immediate effect as the Web experiences massive growth.
1993The White House and the United Nations come online in 1993 and help start the .gov and .org
top level domains.
1993The NCSA releases the Mosaic browser.
1994Netscape (Mosaic Communications corporation) is found by Marc Andreessen and
James H. Clark April 4, 1994.
1994Mosaic Netscape 0.9, the first Netscape browser, is officially released on October 13, 1994. This browser also introduces the Internet to cookies.
1994WXYC (89.3 FM Chapel Hill, NC USA) becomes first traditional radio station to announce broadcasting
on the Internet November 7, 1994.
1994Tim Berners-Lee establishes and heads the W3C in October 1994.
1995The dot-com boom starts.
1995The SSL protocol is developed and introduced by Netscape in February 1995.
1995On April 1, 1995 the Opera browser is released.
1995The first VoIP software (Vocaltec) is released allowing end users to make voice calls over the Internet.
1995On August 16, 1995 Microsoft introduces and releases Microsoft Internet Explorer.
1995On November 24, 1995 HTML 2.0 is introduced in RFC 1866.
1995On December 4, 1995 Sun Microsystems announced JavaScript and first releases
it in Netscape 2.0B3. In the same year they also introduced Java.
1996Telecom Act deregulates data networks.
1996Now known as Adobe Flash, Macromedia Flash is introduced in 1996.
1996The first CSS specification, CSS 1, is published by the W3C in December 1996.
1996More e-mail is sent than postal mail in USA.
1996CREN ended its support and since then, the network has ceased to exist.
1997Internet2 consortium is established.
1997IEEE releases 802.11 (WiFi) standard.
1998Internet weblogs begin to appear.
1998XML becomes a W3C recommendation February 10, 1998.
1999Napster starts sharing files in September of 1999.
1999On December 1, 1999, the most expensive Internet domain name,,
was sold by Marc Ostrofsky for $7.5 million. The domain was later sold on
July 26, 2007 to R.H. Donnelley for $345 million USD.
2000The dot-com bubble starts to burst.
2003January 7, 2003 CREN's members decided to dissolve the organization.
2003On June 30, 2003 the Safari browser is released.
2004On November 9, 2004 Mozilla releases the Mozilla Firefox browser.
2008AOL ends support for the Netscape Internet browser March 1, 2008.
2008On December 11, 2008 Google releases the Chrome browser.
2009A person under the fake name of Satoshi Nakamoto introduces
the Internet currency BitcoinJanuary 3, 2009.
2014The HTML5 programming language is recommended and released to
the public on October 28, 2014 by W3C.
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